Athens and the Cyclades: Economic Strategies 540-314 BC by Brian Rutishauser

By Brian Rutishauser

In Athens and the Cyclades: fiscal ideas 540-314 BC, Brian Rutishauser examines the background and economic climate of the island sector referred to as the Cyclades through the overdue 6th to past due fourth centuries BC. whereas convinced points of geography within the Cyclades remained consistent via old Greek historical past, the islanders have been capable of adapt to altering stipulations and to altering hegemony imposed from outdoor the quarter, as a way to bring up monetary prosperity.

By the time of the Persian Wars a lot of those islands had their very own naval forces, coinage, and huge structure. in the course of the 5th century Athens validated a naval hegemony over the quarter, which placed an finish to those practices. till the Peloponnesian warfare, the Athenians maintained balance yet redirected wealth generated from trade and the export of neighborhood island items throughout the fee of tribute and different kinds of taxation. the top of the Peloponnesian conflict observed a interval of Spartan rule, by way of a resurgence of Athenian energy and a interval of transferring hegemonies. throughout the moment half the fourth century, a few of the Cyclades renewed neighborhood huge development and the problem of neighborhood coinage. The Cyclades could have prospered in this interval as a result of their mutual financial pursuits with Athens, a symbiotic courting which endured after the cave in of the second one Athenian League to the top of Athenian keep an eye on of the temple of Delian Apollo.

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192–4 for full discussion. 28 Bacchyl. Od. 6 and 7; Sheedy 2006, 33. 29 Sheedy 2006, 22; Reger 1997, 479; Georgiou and Faraklas 1985, 220–1. 30 Mendoni and Mourtzas 1990, 387–8. 31 Sheedy 2006, 23. 32 Mendoni 1994, 150. 33 Cherry, Davis, and Mantzourani 1991b; Whitelaw and Davis 1991; Whitelaw 1998. For Melos: Renfrew and Wagstaff 1982. 34 Whitelaw 1991, 237; Whitelaw and Davis 1991, 279–80; Sheedy 2006, 28–9. 24 Defining the Cycladic Region Ioulis was inland on a plateau, but is attested as having a harbour, of uncertain location.

Despite having one of the finest harbours in the Cyclades, very little is known of Syros during the Archaic and Classical periods. 80 However, after its destruction in the fourth century by Alexander of Pherai, 71 72 73 Wagner and Weisgerber 1979 and 1985; Gale 1979, 36–49; Sheedy 2006, 52. Wagner, Gentner, Gropengiesser, and Gale 1980, 25–9. Hdt. 57–58. 47. 74 Brock and Mackworth Young 1949, 2 posited the late sixth century, followed by Sheedy 2006, 55–6; Brun 2000 favours a late Classical–early Hellenistic date.

Out of all the islands covered in this study, Keos has been the most intensively surveyed, with the territories of three of the four poleis of the island having seen extensive study. 157 The sites on Keos have been interpreted as either: (a) independent farmsteads that were the primary residences of their owners; or (b) agricultural sites 151 Whitelaw 1991, 405 and 1998. Terraces on Keos: Whitelaw 1991; on Amorgos: French and Whitelaw 1999. For ancient Greek terracing in general now see Price and Nixon 2005.

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