Athena Unbound: The Advancement of Women in Science and by Henry Etzkowitz, Carol Kemelgor, Brian Uzzi

By Henry Etzkowitz, Carol Kemelgor, Brian Uzzi

Why are there nonetheless so few lady scientists? regardless of the medical ethos of universalism and inclusion, girls proceed to event genuine social inequities as they fight to achieve attractiveness within the clinical group. in accordance with huge interviews and subsidized through quantitative research, this compelling paintings exposes the hidden limitations, refined exclusions, and unwritten principles that confront girls at each juncture alongside the clinical profession path--from early life to retirement. via shiny own bills the authors provide an illuminating and sobering view of the consequences those hindrances have at the own lives of ladies. They argue that girls can reach the medical place of work by way of effectively handling "social capital," these networks and relationships scientists depend on for pro aid and new rules. This benchmark quantity is essential analyzing for all scientists and social scientists--both male and female--and for girls contemplating a systematic profession.

Show description

Read Online or Download Athena Unbound: The Advancement of Women in Science and Technology PDF

Similar women books

Why Men Don't Listen and Women Can't Read Maps: How We're Different and What to Do About It

Have you needed your associate got here with an guideline publication? This overseas bestseller is the reply to every thing you've ever puzzled in regards to the contrary sex.

For their debatable new publication at the transformations among the way in which women and men imagine and speak, Barbara and Allan Pease spent 3 years touring world wide, amassing the dramatic findings of recent examine at the mind, investigating evolutionary biology, studying psychologists, learning social adjustments, and tense the locals.

The result's a occasionally stunning, continuously illuminating, and regularly hilarious examine the place the conflict line is drawn among the sexes, why it used to be drawn, and the way to pass it. learn this publication and understand--at final! --why males by no means hear, why girls can't learn maps, and why studying each one other's secrets and techniques capacity you'll by no means need to ask for forgiveness back.

Marie Curie: A Biography

Marie Curie (1867-1934) was once the most vital girl scientists in historical past, and he or she used to be some of the most influential scientists—man or woman—of the 20 th century. Curie postulated that radiation was once an atomic estate, a discovery that has ended in major medical advancements in view that. She used to be additionally the 1st individual to take advantage of the time period radioactivity.

Women and the Irish Diaspora

Girls and the Irish Diaspora seems on the altering nature of nationwide and cultural belonging either between ladies who've left eire and those that stay. It identifies new methods of puzzling over Irish modernity via taking a look particularly at women's lives and their reports of migration and diaspora. according to unique examine with Irish girls either in eire and in England, this ebook explores how questions of mobility and stasis are recast alongside gender, classification, racial and generational strains.

Extra info for Athena Unbound: The Advancement of Women in Science and Technology

Example text

By treating boys and girls differently, teachers encouraged ‘the exploratory, autonomous, independent mathematical skills associated with males . ’ and discouraged them in females (Birns, 1976). Similarly, teachers gave extra attention to boys who chose to play at more complex tasks, but did not reward girls for the same behavior (Fagot, 1978). In addition, girls received few rewards for highly active behavior, whereas boys gained the attention of their teachers and also the admiration of their peers.

These perceptions and self-concepts illustrate the notion of the construction of gender schema (Bem, 1983), a highly selective process GENDER , SEX AND SCIENCE comprising ‘a sprawling network of associations’ in which information is taken in and organized according to the sex-differentiated values of the culture. A schema functions as a cognitive structure, serving to anticipate and make sense of new information coming in based on preexisting perceptions. For instance, boys and girls at age two had ‘concepts’ of persons by occupation only if they had previous exposure to people holding the particular role.

Thus, females appear to have the same aptitude for mathematics as males, but begin to lose interest and take only the minimum requirement in high school. Based on class grades, girls and boys are similar in mathematical and scientific ability until about tenth grade when girls decline to take elective mathematics courses. It is then that sex differences in problem-solving abilities begin to emerge. The question is not that of inherent ability, but one of why girls drop out of mathematics courses in high school and college (Hyde, 1994).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.76 of 5 – based on 39 votes