By Laurenţiu Rădvan
A painstaking investigate every thing that has to do with medieval cities within the lesser-known Romanian Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia. a brand new and engaging standpoint at the historical past of the city international in critical and South-Eastern Europe.
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Additional resources for At Europe's Borders: Medieval Towns in the Romanian Principalities
Some historians believe that only the settlements undertaking active trade or manufacture can be seen as towns. Others rely on the “legal” standing of the town, a settlement which acted on a distinct set of privileges, defining the status of the community. The settlement also enjoyed a privilege, more or less extended. 1 The closer we get to Eastern Europe and the Black Sea, the less do these principles apply, since few towns ever come to comply with 1 See Howard Clarke, Anngret Simms, “Towards a Comparative History of Urban Origins,” in The Comparative History of Urban Origins in Non-Roman Europe: Ireland, Wales, Denmark, Germany, Poland and Russia from the Ninth to the Thirteenth Century, part II, BAR International Series, eds.
250. 42 22 introduction rise of medieval towns. Local residences of rulers existing before the rise of medieval states were able to draw around them social groups with various professions and multiple ethnic origins, their members being traders, as well as craftsmen, and Romanian, as well as foreign. The first pre-urban settlements emerged against this backdrop before 1300. The colonists were the ones to introduce most political and administrative institutions, as evidenced by several specialized terms, all of German origin, which endured well into the modern period.
Gród, South-Slavonic grad and Cz. hrad. As város, initially meaning “suburbs,” the latter was adopted by the Southern Slavs, the Albanians, entered Modern Greek 22 Călători străini despre ≥ările române, vol. I–V (Bucharest, 1968–1973). Marco Bandini, Codex. Vizitarea generală a tuturor bisericilor catolice de rit roman din Provincia Moldova, 1646– 1648, ed. Traian Diaconescu (Ia i, 2006). 23 N. Iorga, Inscrip≥ii din bisericile României, vol. I–II (Bucharest, 1905–1908). Inscrip≥iile medievale ale României.