Applications of Heuristics and Biases to Social Issues by Linda Heath, R. Scott Tindale, John Edwards, Emil J.

By Linda Heath, R. Scott Tindale, John Edwards, Emil J. Posavac, Fred B. Bryant, Eaaron Henderson-King, Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar, Judith Myers

This quantity provides the most recent study on using heuristics and biases to the components of well-being, legislations, schooling, and organisations. Authors undertake a cross-disciplinary method of research a number of theories.

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1989). Amniocentesis use and risk awareness: Comparison of knowledge and beliefs among older gravida. Social Biology, 35, 50-61. HeaIth Decision Making 29 MiIler, S. , Brody, D. , & Summerton, 1. (1988). Styles of coping with threat: Implications for health. Journal 01 Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 142-148. Nisbett, R. , & Borgida, E. (1975). Attribution and the psychology of prediction. Journal 01 Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 932-943. Nisbett, R. , Krantz, D. , & Kunda, Z. (1983).

Cambridge University Press. Kessler, S. (1988). Invited essay on tbe psychological aspects of genetic counseling: V. Preselection: A family coping strategy in Huntington disease. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 31, 617-621. Kessler, S. (1989). Psychological aspects of genetic counseling: VI. A critical review of the literature dealing witb education and reproduction. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 34, 340-353. Kessler, S. (1990). Current psychological issues in genetic counseling.

The choice between them versus heuristic reasoning is done on a common basis, as two equally legitimate alternatives for which preference is based on relevancy and salience. Lippman-Hand and Fraser (1989a) described how one of their subjects focused on the "one" in the numerator, that it never disappeared, no matter the size of the denominator. Parents overwhelmingly perceived their chances in binary form. When they focused on the outcome of a potential pregnancy, all spoke in terms of two alternatives: either the child would be normal or affected.

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