By Jennifer Trusted (auth.)
A brief account of the philosophy of data for college kids analyzing philosophy for the 1st time. It additionally serves as a normal creation to these attracted to the topic. Jennifer relied on examines the character of philosophy as a subject matter for research and means that it has sensible use in addition to highbrow attraction because it is anxious with constructing our knowing via severe appraisal of the suggestions we use, so making our difficulties transparent. Dr relied on additionally seems on the process of a few of the major philosophers of the western global to the philosophy of information. The perspectives of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Kant are thought of. There are chapters largely interested in the perspectives of the twentieth-century philosophers: A.J. Ayer and Norman Malcolm. The concluding bankruptcy summarises a few of the techniques and how they give a contribution to clarifying our ideas.
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Extra info for An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge
Plato was undecided on the status of such entities as dirt or hair. Originally he had proposed a world of Universals which excluded these but it seems that he finally concluded that all our general notions, whether elevated or sordid, must be derived from Universals in the real, immaterial world of Universals. e. it is not subject to correction. (2) It is not possible to claim knowledge on the basis of sense perception and therefore it is not possible to claim knowledge of any object or event in the material world.
We can now appreciate the philosophical interest of the dialogue as to the essential nature of holiness which was presented in chapter 1. If we can find the essence of holiness (not just an accidental attribute) we can apprehend the Universal, and so acquire knowledge of holiness. It will be remembered that the Socratic dialogue did not guide us to the essential nature of holiness. We shall be returning to the problem or the discovery of essential natures in the next chapter, when we discuss Aristotle's approach to Universals.
If something is morally good, it will be so whether Society admires or whether it does not. Therefore, to be loved by the Gods, or to be approved by Society, is an incidental (or accidental) property of holiness, or of moral goodness; it does not give us the essential nature of holiness or of moral worth. Socrates ends by asking what this essential nature is. He and Plato assume that there is a characteristic or feature of holiness which is essential and that this can be discovered. The philosophical discussion between Socrates and Euthyphro shows that one suggestion as to the essential nature, a suggestion which is still entertained today, is not acceptable.