After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories by Robert Nola, Howard Sankey, R. Nola, H. Sankey

By Robert Nola, Howard Sankey, R. Nola, H. Sankey

A few imagine that concerns to do with clinical approach are final century's stale debate; Popper was once an suggest of method, yet Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are imagined to have introduced the controversy approximately its prestige to an finish. The papers during this quantity express that concerns in technique are nonetheless a great deal alive. the various papers reinvestigate matters within the debate over method, whereas others set out new ways that the talk has constructed within the final decade. The ebook should be of curiosity to philosophers and scientists alike within the reassessment it offers of past debates approximately approach and present instructions of analysis.

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After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method

A few imagine that concerns to do with clinical technique are final century's stale debate; Popper was once an recommend of technique, yet Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are imagined to have introduced the talk approximately its prestige to an finish. The papers during this quantity exhibit that concerns in technique are nonetheless a great deal alive.

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He adopts a hypothetico-deductive meta-methodology in which the consequences of any set of rules and values defining some SM are to be drawn out and compared on a number of grounds with some test bases. The first of these are the intuitions of scientists about values and rules embodied in their own scientific endeavours. Other 'test bases' are more philosophical; they concern the ability of any proposed SM, which Popper treats as akin to a theory of knowledge, to uncover inconsistencies and inadequacies in previous theories of knowledge, and to solve problems within epistemology.

Thus in the case of deductive systems there are two 'fields' to consider. The first concerns the theorems which pertain to the system; the second concerns the methods which might be used to prove theorems under various conditions and for various purposes. The second field Carnap calls the 'methodology' of deductive logic. ) Similarly there is a methodology accompanying inductive logic. C2) is either considerably higher or considerably lower than c(h, c,), (Carnap 1962, p. 203). Thus an inductive logic will yield the values for Carnap's confirmation functions and tell us which is greater; in contrast methodology will tell us both what evidence we should look for and what we should do with the hypotheses with the higher and the lower numerical values for the two ("-functions.

P. ix) Kuhn's attempted meta-methodological justification, along with the values he endorses, place his later work firmly within traditional philosophical concerns about scientific method. 6 9. FEYERABEND'S CRITICISM OF METHODOLOGY For a person who is famous for alleging that the only universal principle of rationality is 'anything goes', or giving his books titles such as Against Method, or THEORIES OF SCIENTIFIC METHOD 31 Farewell to Reason, it might come as a surprise to some to find that Feyerabend, in his autobiography completed just before his death, makes the following claim on behalf of rationality: 'I never "denigrated reason", whatever that is, only some petrified and tyrannical version of it' (Feyerabend 1995, p.

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