By Richard Barras
This two-volume e-book explores how the good structures of britain endure witness to one thousand years of the nation’s historical past. In all ages, funding in iconic constructions reaches a climax whilst the present mode of construction is working so much successfully, surplus wealth is so much abundant, and the dominant category principles perfect. in the course of such classes of balance and prosperity, the call for for brand new structures is robust, structural and stylistic suggestions abound, and there's fierce festival to construct for lasting reputation. each one such climax produces a different classic of hegemonic constructions which are monuments to the wealth and tool of these who governed their global.
This moment quantity offers 3 case stories of iconic construction funding from the eighteenth century to the current day. throughout the eighteenth century the wealth of the nice landed estates funded the golden age of nation apartment development by way of aristocracy and gentry. in the course of the 19th century the economic Revolution unleashed an extraordinary wave of infrastructure funding and civic construction by means of the ascendant capitalist classification. because the past due 20th century the ability of world monetary capital has been symbolized through the relentless upward push of urban centre place of work towers. a last bankruptcy argues that those diverse sorts of hegemonic development are a actual manifestation of the underlying rhythm of English history.
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Additional resources for A Wealth of Buildings: Marking the Rhythm of English History: Volume II: 1688–Present
There followed a continuous sequence of governments dominated by the Whig aristocracy between 1714 and 1760, during what has been called the era of ‘Whig supremacy’ (Williams 1960). The accession of George III in 1760 acted as a catalyst for political change. Nearly half a century of Whig hegemony was finally broken, in a reaction against the perceived corruption of the ruling order. As fears of a Jacobite takeover faded, so Tories began to occupy positions of power and influence once again. Politics became increasingly factional, as governments came and quickly went.
By the 1760s the company was effectively running Bengal as its own imperial fiefdom, exercising military power through its own private army and raising massive sums from taxation of the local population. But the company proved incapable of governing such a vast territory. By 1772 it was close to bankruptcy, forcing it to accept a government loan on condition that its affairs were brought under much closer state control (Lawson 1993). As one vast territory was moving into the orbit of empire, another on the other side of the world was departing.
He brought the war with France to a close in 1748, and the peace faction was once more in the ascendant (Langford 1998: 183–234). However, when Pelham died in 1754, William Pitt the Elder emerged at the head of a more belligerent government determined to further the patriot cause. War had broken out again with the French, triggered this time by colonial disputes in North America. The Seven Years War developed into a global struggle, for power in Europe and territory in North America, Africa, and India.